fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "money laundering" ("anti-terrorist", "anti-money laundering" or "drug-free" certificates are a common way for criminals in fake lottery scams and other Advance Fee scams to get you to send money to them. There are no such certificates in the real banking world. )
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs. Jennifer L. Moore" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 24 Dec 2021 22:49:53 -0800
Subject: ATTN: Sir/Madam
According to the ethics of an office, introduction is always very important on a first contact like this. I am Mrs. Jennifer L. Moore, Special Agent in Charge of the Intelligence Division (FBI). This Official Memorandum is to inform you that we discovered that some officials who work under the United States government have attempted to divert your Funds through a back-door channel. We actually discovered this today, through our Secret Agents under the Disciplinary Unit of the Intelligence Division (FBI) after we apprehended a suspect.
The mentioned suspect was apprehended early this morning, as he attempted to carry the enormous cash sum of $10,500,000.00 dollars outside the shores of the USA. In respect to the money laundering decree of the United States, such amount of money cannot be moved in cash outside the United States because such an attempt is a criminal offense and is punishable under the money laundering act of 1982 of the United States of America. This decree is a globalize law applicable in most developed countries in order to check-mate terrorism and money laundering.
>From our gathered information here in this Unit, we discovered that the said Funds in question actually belong to you, but it had been purposely delayed because the officials in charge of your Payment are into some sort of irregularities which is totally against the ethics of any Payment institution. Presently, this said Funds are under the custody of the (NBT Bank New York) and I can assure you that your Funds will be released to you without a hitch provided that you are sincere to us in this matter. Also, we require your positive cooperation at every level because we are closely monitoring this very transaction in order to avert the bad eggs in our society of today.
We have instructed the Executive management of (NBT Bank New York) to Release the said Funds to you as the certified Beneficiary in question, because we have valuable information/records to authenticity that the said Funds valued the sum of $10,500,000.00 dollars truly belong to you. Be that as it may, you are required to provide us with below listed information (for official verification).
1. First Name, Middle Name and Last Name.
4. Marital Status.
5. Direct Telephone/Fax Number.
6. Residential address.
We await your immediate compliance to this official obligation, so that you can be paid by the authorized bank.
Mrs. Jennifer L. Moore.
Special Agent in Charge of the Intelligence Division (FBI)