fighting spam and scams on the Internet
Try our spam filter!
Free trial for 30 days

About Us

"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

Click here to report a problem with this page.



Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Theodore Vogel" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 24 Dec 2021 14:51:41 -0800
Subject: Are you having one or two difficulties from other financial instrument lenders?

Attention; Dear,
Are you having one or two difficulties from other financial instrument lenders?
As regards to secure the acquisition of BANK GUARANTEE, STANDBY LETTER OF CREDIT, or any other form of loan for project financing? Well, I am happy to let you know that I am an agent to a private investor specifically for a cash loan.
As a professional in this industry with over 20years experience, I will advise that you seek a cash loan instead of a BG/SBLC. Note that in the market today, it is IMPOSSIBLE to get a genuine BG/SBLC from any of the AAA rated banks. All you have flying around are 100% fakes.
Also, when you get a genuine BG/SBLC (which is almost impossible), it will be very difficult for you to monetize it at the same face value issued thereby running short of funds. I hope you know that not all platforms or countries accept BG/SBLC, thereby making it worthless. The lease fee for a genuine BG is 35% while for purchase is 52%. Compare this cost to the interest rate of 3% in acquisition of a cash loan; you would agree with me that getting a cash loan is far better.
Moreover, our loan (Company) will give you the loan at an interest rate of 3%. If you are interested in a loan ranging from usd$15million to usd$150million for your project and investments, do not hesitate to contact me to direct you to the loan company. You will not be disappointed!
Let me hear from you.
Kind Regards,
Mr. Theodore Vogel

Anti-fraud resources: