fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- "hundred thousand united state dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: Patrick Sullivan <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 24 Dec 2021 18:04:44 -0800
Subject: BUSINESS PROPOSAL
I am Patrick Sullivan,Group Chief Financial Officer and Asset Management,
Emirate NBD Bank Dubai office,I am pleased to get across to you for this
business proposal which I believe will benefit us after completion,I
contacted you after going through your profile that you might be capable of
handling this business transaction,There is this client of mine Mr. Roger
Ian Wright a US businessman, founder of a Sao Paulo-based investment
company and Owner of (Star Petroleum and Crude Oil Resources) made a fixed
Investment deposit with my bank in January 2009 for 36 calendar months,
valued at (US$ 47,500,000)Forty Seven Million, Five Hundred Thousand United
State Dollars Only, The due date for this deposit contract was the 2nd of
April 2012,Mr. Roger Ian Wright, his wife and his two children all died in
plane crash Sao Paulo Brazil.
You can find below the links pertaining to this accident
All attempts to trace his next of kin were fruitless, My position here at
my office requires me to investigate and provide the Next of Kin, I
therefore made further investigations and discovered that Mr. Roger Ian
Wright did not declare any next of kin or relation in all his official
documents including his deposit documents in my bank, According to the UAE
Law the money will be reverted to the ownership of the UAE government after
12 years if nobody applies to claim the fund, To prevent this from
happening I have decided to seek your assistance to have you stand as his
next of kin since you bear same surname with him, so that the said fund
(US$47.5 Million USD) would be released in your name as the next of kin and
paid into your account, All documents and proof that will have you claim
this funds without stress will be forwarded to you upon your response to
Your immediate response will be appreciated.
Group Chief Financial Officer and Asset Management
Emirate NBD Bank Dubai Office