fighting spam and scams on the Internet
Try our spam filter!
Free trial for 30 days

About Us

"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

Click here to report a problem with this page.



Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Warren Hoffman <>
Date: Sat, 25 Dec 2021 11:47:17 +0700
Subject: Greetings/kindly Reply

Greetings to you and your family, hope you are safe and protected from
this Corona-Virus Pandemic (COVID-19) my name is Mr. Warren Hoffman I
am working with a financial Security Vault Company named SHURGARD
SELF-STORAGE VAULT & Security Company, there is a consignment
deposited in our vault that is under my control, this consignment was
deposited by an Iranian citizen that is a Gold merchant with the
Government of Sere-Lone and Ghana, the content of the deposit is a
large quantity of Gold concealed as House hold items.

The value of the Gold is about (US$18 -20 Million dollars) The
depositor of this consignment is late and there is no record of his
next of kin or associate in our file to inherit or claim this
consignment, I have not notified our company about the death of this
IRANIAN MAN, if my company get to know about his death this
consignment will be confiscated by my company. So, I see this as a
golden opportunity for me, I decided to contact you for partnership
for our mutual benefit.

This transaction required absolute TRUST & CONFIDENTIALITY; I HOPE I
If indeed I can assure me kindly send me your acceptance mail so we can start.

Respectfully yours

Mr. Warren Hoffman

Anti-fraud resources: